About Machilipatnam

History of Machilipatnam

city and a special grade municipality in the Krishna district, Andhra Pradesh, India. The town has existed since the 3rd century BCE (Satavahana period) when, according to Ptolemy, it was known as Maisolos. The Periplus of the Erythraean Sea calls it Masalia in the 1st century CE. The port is located on the southeastern, or Coromandel Coast, of India. Situated in the mouth of the River Krishna on the Bay of Bengal, the Masula port saw flourishing sea trade. It was a 17th century port for French, British and Dutch trade, when it was known as Masulipatam.

The port has a medium-size fishing harbour which can accommodate 350 fishing vessels and an active carpet-weaving industry. The other products from the town include rice, oilseeds and scientific instruments. This town is a railway terminus and an important educational centre.

Machilipatnam was a flourishing seaport on the east coast during the time of the Satavahanas. It was mentioned in the Periplus that a great quantity of muslins are made in Masalia.Finest muslins were exported from Masulipatam to Egypt, Rome, Athens and Arabia.The town retained its importance throughout the history and was the major port of Golkonda kingdom.In the 17th century CE, the port was a centre of French, British and Dutch trade. It is one of the earliest known British settlements in the Indian subcontinent and the British East India Company's first trading post on the Coromandel coast. An agency was established there in 1611 CE. During the Carnatic Wars, the British were temporarily expelled from the town, which was held by the French for some years. In 1759, the town and fort were captured by Colonel Forde, an achievement followed by the acquisition of the Northern Circars. In 1864 a great storm-wave swept over the entire town and is said to have destroyed 30,000 lives. A monument was erected by the then District collector of Masulipatam, Mr Thornhill, almost 3 km away from the inundated town in Robertson Square (nowadays familiar as Koneru centre).

The port is only a roadstead, where vessels anchor 5 m. out. A branch line from Vijayawada on the Southern Mahratta railway was opened in 1908. The port of Machilipatnam today is in need of modernization. It has not seen any ships in the last decade. In its heyday, the port used to handle exports of items weighing more than 2.7 lakh tonnes and imports of 37,000 tonnes. It used to export Iron Ore to Japan.In January 2006, the Government of Andhra Pradesh revealed plans to revive the Machilipatnam port at a cost of Rs. 1200 crores. It has allocated 6000 acres (24 km2) of land for the project.

Major Bussiness

Machilipatnam has many small scale industries. Fashion gold (also called rolled gold or gold covering) ornaments are made in the town. Yasasri gold, National gold, Uma gold, Hema Sri Gold Covering Works, Raja gold, Fancy gold, Ravi Teja gold, Mohan gold,Laxmana Gold, Ravi Gold, Fancy Gold and USHA GOLD are among the leading manufacturers of fashion gold in Machilipatnam. Agriculture is the most important occupation, paddy being the main food crop produced. Bharat Electronics Limited (BEL), a unit of the Union Defence Ministry, of the Government of India, operates a manufacturing unit in Machilipatnam.BEL is involved in design, development and manufacture of state-of-the art electronic equipment that are used by the Indian Defence Services and para military organisations. it aiso has cyclone detection radar station under imd dept. of science and techonology govt. of india

Arts and crafts

The Kalamkari fabrics of Machilipatnam and Kalahasti, with their intricate designs, are used in clothing and wall hangings. Kalamkari refers to dye-painted cloths and the technique used to create them. Their name derives from kalam, for a pen-like tool used to draw outlines on the cloth, and kari (work). Fabrics are outlined with a cotton-tipped bamboo stick and dyed in vegetable or mineral colours. The process involves washing, rinsing, soaking and bleaching muslin, and applying mordants and dyes using natural substances like indigo for blue, madder for red, mango bark and dried myrobalan fruit for yellow, palm sugar and rusted iron for black. The dyeing process is very elaborate and can take several days to complete. While some pieces are hand-drawn, large canvas and sheets are block-printed. The work done in Machilipatnam, often using block printing in conjunction with hand painting, features decorative floral and vegetable designs that appealed to local kingdoms and to export trade. This culminated in European demand for Machilipatnam chintz, which derives its name from the Hindi word chint (spotted).

Temples

Sai maharaj devalayam at district court centre Machilipatnam is the main attraction of the town. It has the biggest statue of sri saibaba of shirdi. Dattashram is a pilgrimage site on the coast. Dattashram has an ancient Shiva temple and a recently built Datta temple. Manginapudi is popularly known as "Datta Rameswaram" due to the consecration of 12 wells for bathing (recalling those at Rameswaram). Panduranga Swamy temple at Chilakalapudi near the city, is a famous piligrimage site. It is a temple of Lord Vishnu, said to be similar to the temple at Pandaripur. Sivaganga Temple is a historical temple maintained by Challapalli jameendars rather than the Government. It is one of the oldest temples in the area. Located on the Avanigadda road, it attracts tourists and devotees all through the year. On Shivaratri major celebrations are carried out by the temple trustees. Anjaneya Swami Temple, in Paraspet, was built by Samarth Ramdas, the guru of Chatrapathi Sivaji. Ghantasala, 21 km from Machilipatnam, has the remains of an old Buddhist stupa. Agastheeswara Temple, 36 km from Machilipatnam, is a temple of Lord Shiva and piligrimage site. At this temple Lord Shiva is called by the name Ekaratri Mallikarjunaswamy. An annual festival is celebrated here and the deities are taken out in procession. At Gudivada, North west of Machilipatnam, visitors are attracted by the old ruins of the stupas. Further up the coast of Machilipatnam there are five temples dedicated to Lord Shiva. These ancient temples are located at Amravati, Samalkot, Bhimavaram, Draksharama and Chebrolu. Prasanna Anjaneya Swamy temple located at Godugupet has a history of over hundred years.

Tourism

Machilipatnam is a city with a rich history of foreign conquests, business and trade. The relics of Bandar Kota (Machilipatnam Fort) can be visited. The old light house is still standing.


The beaches in Machilipatnam are long, broad, pristine, with pale blonde sands. Manginapudi Beach, a beach side fishing hamlet 11 km from Machilipatnam, is well known for its scenic beauty and also as a historic port city. During its heyday this port served as a gateway to India. The beach has a natural bay with shallow waters.

Schools

S.N.H.A Primary School,established in 1972 is located at Chinnavullingipalem,Founder Nalluri Moses Mohan ( First National Award winner for Best Teacher in Andhra Pradesh)

Vemuri Ramjee Government High School, started on 4 December,1918 for Harijans, with free hostel facility.

Sri Sai Public School is a reputed school located very nearer to By-pass road established in the year 1992 which provides very good education from Kindergarden to 10th Standard with well experienced teachers.

Saint Francis High School, Paraspet, is both Telugu & English Medium School both State Syllabus and ICSE Syllabus
SDA Mission High School, Edepalli, founded by Esther Rani Saggurthi, offers education from kindergarten to 12th standard.

HYNY High School and Elementary School are aided schools run by missionaries from Finland. Miss A.E. Hyny founded the school.

Sri Venkateswara Public School, affiliated with the Hindu College, Machilipatnam, was the only Central Board of Secondary Education following school in the city before the Kendriya Vidyalaya was instituted. The school follows the NCERT (central) syllabus.

Sharon High School provides education from kindergarten to the higher secondary level, Mrs Indira Deenabandu founded the school.

Nirmala High School, a Christian missionary run school provides education from kindergarten to the higher secondary level.

Jaihind Hind High school, founded in 1947 is situated near Inugudurupet with two campuses.

JaiHind Montessori English Medium School, Is run by JaiHind High School.
St. Mary's Adi Andhra Madana Mohana High school (also known as Ratna High School) is one of the oldest schools. It is located in the Machavaram area.

Gandhi Vidyalaya school is situated in Balaramunipet and is a government aided public school.

Noble high School. it is one of the oldest schools here and is located between Noble College and Government hospital.

Sharkey girls high School. It is one of the oldest schools here and is located in Sharkey copound adjacent to Noble college

Telugu schools

Viswabharati vidyalaya is the oldest Telugu school, established in 1969.
Anniebesant Sisu Vidya Mandiram is a Telugu language school situated at Edepally.

English medium schools

Sri Sai Public School is a reputed school located very nearer to By-pass road established in the year 1992 which provides very good education with well experienced teachers.

Sharon High School is a reputed institute in Machilipatnam established by Indira Dheenabandu in the year 1984. Sharon High School located at Noble colony provides education from Kinder garden to higher seconday level.

Amaleswari Vidya Niketan (English medium)is one of the reputed school situated in Rustumbad and is one of the oldest schools in the area.

St. Francis English Medium High School is a Christian missionary run school providing education from kindergarten to the higher secondary level. It is affiliated to the Indian Certificate of Secondary Education.

Nirmala High school(English medium) is a Christian missionary school provides education from kintergarten to the higher secondary level in state syllabus.
Rustumbada Municipal High School

Kendriya Vidyalaya is also in Machilipatnam. It is near Bypass road. it concentrates not only on Academic developmaent but also on co-culcural activities

Sri Balaji Vidyalayam is an English medium school located near REVATHI talkies is also an pretty OLD schhol with new facilities, sports and cultural activities.Its Tradiation promoting school.

Dakshinamurthy Vidyalayam is a upcoming institution in Machilipatnam with all the good facilities.
Gandhi Vidyalaya established in 1975 is located at Balaramunipet opposite to pump house gate.

Little flower high school established in 1980 is located at rajpet opposite rajpet post office.

Gayathree Public school is an very High Professional School Running by the Engineers "Bye-pass road H.B-colony Machilipatnam Contact Principal : Mrs.Latha nancharaiah Director : Mr.Nancharaiah Phone: 9849430301,9247404599,9966623323.

little flower the leader,which is located in naidubadii center:founder and directed by borra chalamayya

Colleges

Noble College, founded in 1843, is University Grants Commission (UGC) approved and offers graduate studies.Rt. Rev. Dr. Govada Dyvasirvadam, the Bishop-in-Krishna Godavari heads the management of the Noble College.

Andhra Jaateeya Kalasala, founded in 1910 by local freedom fighters, is also UGC approved and offers graduate studies.

The Hindu College was established in 1928. It is affiliated to Krishna University and offers graduation studies. It is a UGC approved college.

Sri Venkateswara Hindu College Of Engineering was established in 1980. It offers engineering degrees in civil, electrical and electronics, electronics and communication, computer science and mechanical engineering divisions as well as business studies.

R.K.Junior College was established in 2009.It is affiliated to Board of Intermediate, it offers M.P.C, BI.P.C, M.E.C, C.P.T.(COMMON PROFISSIONAL TEST).

Sri Varalakshmi Polytechnic is Machilipatnam's only private polytechnic college, established in 1983. It offers engineering diplomas.Government polytechnic college started this year.

Andhra Jateeya Kalasala (National College) is affiliated to Krishna University. This college was established in 1910 under the management of Andhra Jatheeya Vidyaa Parishat estasblished by Sri Kopalle Hanumantha Rao, Sri Pattabhi Sitharamaiah and Sri Mutnuri Krishna rao.It started Andhra Jatheeya college of education also in 1967 to offer B.Ed.and M.Ed. courses. (ramsri)A.J.K.ITC and one oriental highschool are also running under this management.

Famous Personalitys

Rao Bhadhur Thota Perayya Naidu, founder Director of Andhra Bank and Executive Engineer, also a founder member of the Andhra Jatheeya Kalaasaala (National College). Advisor of Andhra Scientific Company (taken over by BHARAT ELECTRONICS LIMITED). Hails for this port town. Lived for 99 years.

Pingali Venkayya, the designer of the Indian national flag. (near Machilipatnam in a town called Bhatlapenamarru)
Dr Pattabhi Sitaramayya, 1880-1959, a freedom fighter and historian of the Indian National Congress and founder of Andhra Bank,Krishna central Bank and Andhra Insurance Company.

Pitcheswara Rao Atluri, a famous writer did his schooling at the Hindu College.
C. K. Nayudu, the first Indian cricket captain hailed from this port town.

RaoBahadhur KV RAMANAYYA NAIDU garu, was from this Town. He is a Top notch Advocate, Philanthropist. He served as MLA, Municipal Chairman, Public prosecutor, Director Krishna Club, Director AndhraBank, Director Krishna Co-op Bank, Syndicate Member Andhra University, Syndicate Member Madras Layola College etc.

Kopalle Hanumantharao, the founder of Andhra Jatheeya Kalaasaala (National College)
Raghupathi Venkayya considered the father of Telugu cinema hailed from this town.

Mutnuri Krishna Rao - Founder of "Krishna Patrika", a literary magazine.
Adavi Bapi Raju - A renowned writer and painter.
Ayyagari Ramamoorthy Panthulu - Founder of Andhra Scientific Company (taken over by BHARAT ELECTRONICS LIMITED).

Nalluri Moses Mohan - He is First National Award winner in Andhra Pradesh.(For Best Teacher).

Foamous Personalitys in filim industry

S.V. Ranga Rao - Famous Telugu Film Actor lived and worked in Machilipatnam before joining Film Industry

Sutti Velu - Noted comedian.
Nirmalamma - Telugu film character artiste,
Nalluri Sudheer Kumar - Famous Music Director in Telugu T.V Industry
Mani Sharma - Famous Music Director in Telugu Industry hails from Machilipatnam.
Achuth famous TV cerial actor and film actor
ASWIN SIYADRI Editor in telugu industry from Machilipatnam.